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When pursuing their prey under the water, Hooded mergansers are able to stay submerged for up to 2 minutes. It dives and forages on lake, river, and pond bottoms for fish, crayfish, and other crustaceans. The hooded merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) is a member of the duck family, with only a single species in its genus. The female will lay a clutch of 7-15 eggs and incubate them around a month. The hooded merganser usually gathers in small groups of no more than 10 or 12 individuals. The Hooded Merganser is the only Merganser whose native habitat is restricted to North America. It dives underwater to look for and reach its prey, which it captures with its serrated bill. Hooded Mergansers feed by diving and swimming under water to collect small fish, crustaceans and aquatic insects. Hooded Merganser. The female lays 6-12 eggs in a nest in a tree hole or in a log. In addition it feeds on aquatic insects (13-20% of its diet) and other aquatic invertebrates such as crabs and crayfish (22-50%). Hooded Merganser Description. Both are brownish overall, but the Hooded Merganser has a shorter bill, a shorter neck, and a warmish tone to the crest that contrasts with more dull brown tones on the rest of the head and body. This duck's small, thin bill and crested head give it a distinctive profile. These small, diurnal birds are characterized by a crested head (and hence the name вЂ�hooded’) that can be raised or lowered. These birds are daytime feeders whose diet mostly consists of crustaceans and fish. These birds are short-distance migrants, and they winter in the United States. In the wild, these animals have been known to live up to 14.5 years . They use saw-toothed bills to feed on aquatic life like frogs, insects, juvenile fish and mud crabs as well as bay grasses and seeds. Fish, crustaceans, insects. Facts About Hooded Merganser Diet Carnivore, mostly small fish, crayfish, and aquatic insects Average Lifespan 11 years Size 40-49 cm in length 60-66 cm wingspan 16-31 oz in weight It usually feeds during the day. The hooded merganser feeds during the day. Includes photos and range map. Hooded mergansers do … Diet and Nutrition. It winters near coasts from British Columbia south to California and from New England south to Florida and Texas. They also breed in regions from Missouri to southern Canada and from Nova Scotia to eastern North Dakota and Saskatchewan, migrating when necessary to avoid winter conditions. A slender, serrated bill helps Hooded Mergansers capture aquatic insects, fish, and crayfish. DIET: The bill of this merganser is specialized for its diet, which consists of small fish but also insects, crustaceans and molluscs that it locates visually with its well-adapted eyesight. It also … The top of the head, neck and back are all black, and the chest, breast and belly are white. Hooded Mergansers feed by diving and swimming under water to collect small fish, crustaceans and aquatic insects. The hooded merganser feeds during the day. They prefer fresh water but do occur on brackish water bodies as well. In breeding plumage the dorsal areas and the head, neck, and breast of the mature male are mainly black with white markings; there are large white patches on either side of the crest, and they are particularly conspicuous when he raises his crest during courtship. Once, a Wood Duck and Hooded Merganser were even found nesting in the same tree cavity! However, these birds will also feed on aquatic insects and other aquatic invertebrates such as crabs and crayfish. The female hooded merganser has brown eyes, a reddish crest, and grayish-brown feathers. It … Diet. He has bright yellow eyes, a black head, a white chest with two black stripes, a brownish-black back, rust-colored sides, and a grayish-brown rump and tail. They have two major year-round ranges. The Hooded merganser is a small diving duck striking in appearance; both sexes have crests that they can raise or lower, and the breeding plumage of the male is handsomely patterned and colored. When they are startled, they fly away. Because of their high reliance on aquatic prey, Hooded mergansers are also very susceptible to harm from many types of pollution; some of these are poisons that accumulate in the food organisms, directly poisoning predators high in the food chain, and some of which simply reduce the populations of their prey. Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about … Each species has its own unique diet, and even birds of the same species have different diets when they live in different regions. The Hooded Merganser finds its prey underwater by sight. The hooded merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) is a member of the duck family, with only a single species in its genus. re: Cooking Merganser Duck Posted by stein_burgundy on 10/4/17 at 6:36 am to Bleeding purple I've done it before with a 50/50 mix of milk and allegro game tame. One is in the Eastern United States from the southern Canada-US border along the Atlantic Coast to the Gulf Coast in the region of the Mississippi delta. According to the What Bird resource, the total population size of the Hooded mergansers is around 270,000 to 390,000 individuals. Each species has its own unique diet, and even birds of the same species have different diets when they live in different regions. His lower flanks are a rich reddish-brown or chestnut in color, and the breast and undersides are more or less white, extending into white stripes across the crop and breast. Being strong swimmers, Hooded mergansers are very clumsy on land; this is because their legs are located far back on their body. Breeding season runs from March to May. Animal Info . The Hooded Merganser is an award winning Penticton restaurant nestled on Okanagan Lake and managed by Penticton Lakeside Resort & Conference Centre. They prefer cavities 4-15 feet (1-4 meters) off the ground. The hooded merganser feeds during the day. Most Mergansers are primarily piscivores, or fish-eaters. They are usually seen in pairs or in small groups and outside of the breeding season, they may gather in large groups to roost at night. Reproduction She has a light reddish-brown crest extending from the back of the head. Learn about the size, diet, population, habitat, behavior and other interesting facts about the hooded merganser. Animal Info . Once they leave the nest, the young are capable of diving and foraging but remain with the female for warmth and protection. Life Cycle NESTING: The hooded merganser builds its nest in a cavity, whether natural (tree) or man-made (box). Hooded mergansers live on small bodies of water such as ponds and small estuaries where there is ample emergent aquatic vegetation, but they also inhabit larger wetlands, impoundments, flooded timber, and rivers. The Hooded is the smallest of our three native merganser species, and often seems to be the least numerous, as it tends to live around swamps and wooded ponds where it may be overlooked. The male raises his crest to attract a female, turns the back of his head towards her, and flaps his wings. Hooded mergansers form monogamous pairs and they remain together until the female has selected a nesting cavity and completed laying her clutch. Habitat: Hooded mergansers prefer wooded lakes, ponds, rivers; in winter, also tidal channels and protected bays. On occasion, it also eats some aquatic insects and plants. When in breeding plumage, the males have an unmistakably large white crest outlined in black, creating an attractive contrast. The hooded merganser is a small diving duck with a long, pointed bill. During breeding season, it is found on clear-water streams, ponds, and lakes. Hooded Mergansers are fairly common on small ponds and rivers, where they dive for fish, crayfish, and other food, seizing it in their thin, serrated bills. The Hooded Merganser finds its prey underwater by sight. Diet: Diet. The adult female has a greyish-brown body, with a narrow white patch over the lower breast and belly. A major sexual dimorphism can […] Hooded mergansers are secretive and diurnal birds. Hooded mergansers are one of the fastest flying ducks as wells as one of the quickest diving ducks. The hooded merganser eats a variety of aquatic creatures, including fish, insects, crabs and crayfish. They are one of the fastest flying ducks. It dives and forages on lake, river, and pond bottoms for fish, crayfish, and other crustaceans. Most Mergansers are primarily piscivores, or fish-eaters. Its extremely muscular gizzard allows it to digest the hard exoskeletons of some shellfish. It dives and forages on lake, river, and pond bottoms for fish, crayfish, and other crustaceans. They are generally quiet but in order to communicate with each other will emit low grunting or croaking sounds. The hooded merganser breeds on wooded ponds, lakes, and rivers and winters in these areas as well as on estuaries and inlets. Hooded mergansers are native to North America. She has a light reddish-brown crest extending from the back of the top. See more ideas about waterfowl, beautiful birds, birds. Diet. The hooded merganser feeds during the day. After that, the male leaves the female to incubate and care for the brood. During the nonbreeding season, the male looks similar to the female, except that his eyes are yellow and the female's eyes are brown. The hooded merganser is the smallest of the three merganser species occurring in North America. The hooded merganser breeds from  southern Alaska south to Oregon and Montana and from Manitoba and Nova Scotia, Canada south throughout much of the eastern United States. The Hooded Merganser breeds locally throughout the eastern United States (except southern Florida) and the Pacific Northwest. Seasonal changes can also impact what these birds eat as well. Prey is usually swallowed whole. In winter, it seeks forested wetlands, brackish estuaries and tidal creeks. Mergansers are our only ducks that specialize in eating fish. Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about … They fledge in about 70 days. Males tend to outdo females when it comes to these displays. © Matthew D. Medler | … Its primary range stretches from Canada down the mid-eastern U.S. into southern Florida and Texas. The hooded merganser is a diving predator that largely hunts by sight while under water. The hooded merganser catches prey by swimming with their face under the water. Most studies report that its diet varies according to circumstances, usually being dominated by fishes (44-81%). A smaller year-round range extends from Washington state and southern British Columbia to northern Idaho. The hooded merganser breeds on wooded ponds, lakes, and rivers and winters in these areas as well as on estuaries and inlets. It lives on freshwater lakes, wooded wetlands and tidal shallows throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed from autumn through spring. It also eats aquatic insects and some aquatic plants. Wavy black lines can be seen on the tawny sides and flanks. Hooded merganser Synonyms Mergus cucullatus Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits Maximum longevity 15.7 years (captivity) Source ref. Learn about the size, diet, population, habitat, behavior and other interesting facts about the hooded merganser. PentictonLakeside, Marketing at Hooded Merganser, responded to this review Responded September 21, 2020 Thank you for your shining recommendation, LLT_10. Soaked over night, sliced thin, pan fried with some Tony's and garlic powder. Calls and sounds of the Hooded Merganser Additional Information Hooded Merganser Description, distribution, behavior, diet, reproduction, and conservation status. OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: AnAge, UMICH, Max Planck, PanTHERIA, Arkive, UKC, AKC. Female Hooded Mergansers could be potentially confused with a female Red-breasted Merganser. The nest is lined with whatever is in the hole including woodchips, leaves, and other debris, and then it is lined with down. Hooded Mergansers Courting. Hooded Merganser Habitat. I was shooting 40-50 ducks a year and that gave me a lot of duck to work with. Nestboxes: Will utilize Wood Duck nest boxes. They start flying at around 70 days of age and become reproductively mature in 2 years. Their diet consists of fish, crayfish, frogs, mud crabs, aquatic insects, insect larvae, and clams. Both are brownish overall, but the Hooded Merganser has a shorter bill, a shorter neck, and a warmish tone to the crest that contrasts with more dull brown tones on the rest of the head and body. They forage on pond bottoms, lakes, and rivers. Hooded mergansers are carnivores (piscivores) and their diet consists mainly of fishes. The Hooded Merganser can be found in western Maryland during summer months and also eastern Maryland during winter months. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are increasing. Most of the merganser's food is caught underwater. Hooded Merganser Recipe-Guaranteed Good! Hooded Mergansers inhabit wooded ponds, rivers, and lakes during breeding season. The hooded merganser is a sexually dimorphic species. Diet: Small fish, crayfish, other crustaceans, aquatic insects and their larvae, some aquatic plants and their seeds. It dives and forages on lake, river and pond bottoms for fish, crayfish and other crustaceans. As the accompanying photograph illustrates, courtship occurs in small groups consisting of at least one female and several males. When Hooded merganser ducklings are in the water, they may gather in a very compact group resembling a muskrat in swimming; they do so to cheat aerial predators such as hawks for example. Discover How Long Hooded merganser Lives. There were a couple of years there in the late 90's when I pretty much survived on duck. The genus name of the Hooded merganser 'Lophodytes' comes from the Greek language where 'lophos' means 'crest', and 'dutes' - is 'diver'. Diet of the Merganser. Hooded Mergansers are mostly carnivorous with their diet usually being dominated by fishes. The hooded merganser is a diving duck that prefers running water, freshwater, and woods. Before Hooded Mergansers seek out their nesting cavities in snags and stumps they engage in extensive courtship displays. Calls and sounds of the Hooded Merganser Additional Information Hooded Merganser Description, distribution, behavior, diet, reproduction, and conservation status. They feed on a variety of small aquatic creatures, including fish, insects, snails, frogs, shrimp, crabs, worms, and more. 2. However, these birds will also feed on aquatic insects and other aquatic invertebrates such as crabs and crayfish. The adult male hooded merganser has a white fan-shaped crest on his head. May 3, 2017 - The Hooded Merganser is a species of North American ducks that are abundantly found almost all over the continent. They also prey upon clams, mud crabs, crayfish, tadpoles, frogs, and aquatic insects and other crustaceans. Breeding occurs anytime between the end of February and the end of June, depending on the region. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird … Ducks generally feed on larvae and pupae often found under rocks, as well as aquatic animals, plant material, seeds, small fish, snails and crabs. I have eaten a lot of ducks in my life. The hooded merganser is a saw-billed diving duck named for the fan-like hood or crest at the back of the head which can be expanded or contracted. The hooded merganser is a diving duck with a distinctive fan-like hood on the back of the head. Most studies report that its diet varies according to circumstances, usually being dominated by fishes (44-81%). The Males court females in small flocks. Mergansers are our only ducks that specialize in eating fish. There were days out in the swamp that we would pass up other ducks just because we knew we … Includes photos and range map. It also eats aquatic insects and some aquatic plants. Female Hooded Mergansers could be potentially confused with a female Red-breasted Merganser. The male leaves the female once incubation begins. Diet. Breeding males may have a glossy black head with a neat, rounded crest, and a prominent white head patch starting behind the eye. Range and Habitat. Animal InfoBooks Animal InfoBooks. The eggs hatch in about a month. Hooded mergansers are diving predators that largely hunt by sight while under water. They represent the genus вЂ�Lophodytes’ as its only living member. Females will actively seek out cavities in dead trees or artificial nest boxes such as those provided for nesting wood ducks. They nest in tree cavities; the ducklings depart with a bold leap to the forest floor when only one day old. Male hooded mergansers have a large white crest surrounded by black. Apr 13, 2019 - Explore Barbara Nowakowski's board "Hooded Merganser" on Pinterest. The top of the head, neck and back are all black, and the chest, breast and belly are white. Animal InfoBooks Animal InfoBooks. The hooded merganser is a diving predator that largely hunts by sight while under water. One study reported they can live up to 15.7 years in captivity . However, they also consume some aquatic plants. The hooded merganser has a length between 16 and 19 inches. The hooded merganser is the smallest of the three merganser species occurring in North America. 986 Sample size Medium Data quality Acceptable Observations. When I was a child, I loved bird hunting, but I just could care less about hunting duck in the cold. Wavy black lines can be seen on the tawny sides and flanks. The female points her bill to the sky and bobs her head up and down. The Hooded merganser is the second smallest species of merganser, and it is also the only merganser whose native habitat is restricted to North America. Male hooded mergansers have a large white crest surrounded by black. My dad would drag me out, occasionally going to the coast to hunt, and the wind, water … Like most waterfowl, Hooded merganser hatchlings are precocial and usually leave the nest within 24 hours after they hatch. The day after the ducklings are born, the female leads them to water. The hooded merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) is a diving duck native to North America.As the name suggests, hooded mergansers are literally “hooded” with a large crest. Hooded mergansers are carnivores (piscivores) and their diet consists mainly of fishes. In addition it feeds on aquatic insects (13-20% of its diet) and other aquatic invertebrates such as crabs and crayfish (22-50%). We certainly appreciate your kind words about our food, service, and awe-inspiring views of Okanagan Lake! Population Status. Hooded Merganser on The IUCN Red List site -, badelynge, brace, bunch, flock, paddling, raft, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hooded_merganser, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22680472/92863561. Hooded Mergansers feed by diving and swimming under water to collect small fish, crustaceans and aquatic insects. The grownup feminine has a greyish-brown body, with a slender white patch over the decrease breast and stomach. They feed on a variety of small aquatic creatures, including fish, insects, snails, frogs, shrimp, crabs, worms, and more. Hooded Merganser Food. Nestboxes: Will utilize Wood Duck nest boxes. It also gave me the opportunity to become a duck snob, of sorts. The main threat to Hooded mergansers is habitat loss due to deforestation, and agricultural expansion as these birds are cavity nesters and require mature trees with suitable nesting sites. The Hooded Merganser is the only Merganser whose native habitat is restricted to North America. 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